The first thing we have to take into account is that the digestive system of our dog does not work in the same way as ours. For example, high doses of carbohydrates that for us are a source of energy, for them they are not.
What can not dogs eat? Knocking down myths
This does not mean that we are afraid and that we limit the feeding of our dog to balls of feed, because that is precisely what the petfood industry wants, to frighten us with false myths about “forbidden” foods to make us believe that our dogs should only eat balls of feed.
Moreover, as we have mentioned on more than one occasion this type of food is not the best for our pets. Maybe you ask yourself then: “And what do I give my hairy?” We have already dedicated some of our post to tell you the benefits of natural nutrition: diet BARF and dehydrated diet , and how these benefits that provide high quality ingredients with those who elaborate these diets improve the health and well-being of our pets.
In summary, our pets can consume many of the ingredients that we include in our daily diet. We just need to know in what dose we can give them . In this post we tell you what are the foods that are dangerous at high doses for dogs. So, the next time you are at the table and you feel some supplicant eyes looking at you or a little leg in your leg you will know that you can share with him without fear.
9 Toxic food for dogs The secret is in the dose!
There are a number of foods that if we share with our dogs we must be careful with the doses and in case they are accidentally eaten, they know how to act. Remember that many of them are foods that are not necessary in the diet of our dogs. Here we tell you what they are:
🍫 The chocolate
Chocolate is one of the foods that has created the most myths: it leaves our dog blind, which causes sudden death by accelerating the heart rate … The first thing we have to take into account is that chocolate is not a food that we should include In the diet of our dogs , the dog is a carnivore and does not need sweets in its diet.
This does not mean that if we give a pinch of chocolate on time our dog will die … we have to take into account the cocoa content of the chocolate and the weight of our dog. Cocoa contains theobromine, a stimulant that dogs metabolize differently than humans, the purer the chocolate, the greater theobromine content. Let’s take an example, 5 tablets of milk chocolate (125g) would be necessary to intoxicate a 15 kg dog.
🥑 The Avocado
It has a toxic substance known as persina that is found in the shell and bone. It is not a poisonous toxin, and usually, they need to take a large amount (of bone or shell) to affect them. In this case it would be a mild intoxication causing vomiting and diarrhea .
The pulp of the avocado is beneficial for our dogs, providing unsaturated fats, source of antioxidants and rich in folic acid that helps the production of red blood cells (for dogs with anemia), so we can contribute to the diet from time to time.
🍇 Grapes and raisins
It is one of the foods that can vary its toxicity depending on size and breed, little is known yet what is the mechanism of toxicity in the body of our dog, although recent studies suggest that copper compounds are used in agriculture as a fungicidal treatment.
These compounds produce renal failure. Normally the dose is 20g per kilo in green grapes and 3g per kilo in raisins, although we insist that it depends a lot on breeds. There are dogs that eat grapes and it does not affect them and others that show symptoms with small doses. Having many other fruits, we recommend not to give grapes or raisins.
🍺 The alcohol
Alcohol affects them in the same way as people but in a much more intense and dangerous way. They can cause very intense damage to your nervous system and even death.
☕️ Coffee and products with caffeine
Stimulants are especially dangerous, because, even in small doses, they can cause problems such as hyperactivity, tachycardia, tremors, seizures and even cardiac arrest. Caffeine destroys the nervous system of dogs.
🍆 Onions, leeks or eggplant
They have sulfur substances that in very high doses destroy the red blood cells , which can cause a hemolytic anemia in our dog. It is very rare that a dog likes raw onion. For a dog to be poisoned by onion, he must eat 0.5% of his weight, that is, a dog of 20kg should eat 100g of onions (2 whole onions more or less), something almost impossible.
If we are going to give part of our homemade food that has been cooked with onions we do not have to worry because the doses will be much lower. The leek contains much less alliin than the onion so there is no problem in giving it from time to time at low doses. Among the benefits of these foods at low doses include being cleansers, having antimicrobial activity, increasing the immune response …
As with onions, they have sulfur- containing substances in their composition , but it is even less toxic than onions, so the dose of poisoning is even greater, more than 40g per kilo to cause it. However, there are many benefits: Garlic for dogs has antibacterial properties, delays the effects of aging and increases resistance, has detoxifying and antiparasitic properties …
🥜 The nuts
Nuts such as nuts, almonds, hazelnuts and peanuts In general, dogs can eat these foods without problems, but as a supplement and only occasionally and fairly dosed, never in large quantities or as a fundamental part of their diet.
🍼 The milk products
Most adult dogs are lactose intolerant. Milk is not recommended in adult dogs because it can cause diarrhea and even vomiting. However, natural yogurt or kefir without sugar are totally recommended, since they are a natural source of calcium and vitamin probiotics.
We hope to have clarified your doubts or fears about the myths surrounding these common foods and how much disinformation there is on the Internet about them.
We recommend that when faced with severe poisonings due to an accidental error, always go to your veterinarian and always trust the experts. Our recommendation is that if you want to start giving a healthy and natural diet to your furry, consult with professionals specialized in dog nutrition.